Fornication in Corinth Fertility god

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”Corinth was also a center of idolatry and immorality,…It boasted of many temples and shrine, the most prominent of which was the Temple of Aphrodite, the goddess of love. She was worshiped by means of religious prostitution, and at one time 1,000 cult prostitutes served in her temple.

Men’s study Bible (Promise Keeper) NIV Page 1252

 

Idols, Idolatry, Deities, pagan, Balaan, Bala, Balish

 

Others Deities, pagan

Anammelech

Artemis—greek god of hunting, corresponding to the roman goddess diana

Diana – roman goddess of the moon

Asherah – Canaanite goddess freq with Baal,  sacred poles

Ashteroth (a wife) the principal female divinity of the Phoenicians, called Astarte by the creeks and romans and Ishtar by the assyrians. The worship of this goddess was established at sidon (1 ki 11:3,5; 2ki 23;13 and was practiced by the Hebrews in the time of the judges (ju 2:13 10;6) Solomon gave it his support (1 ki 11;5  2 ki 23;13)

 

Baal, Baalim – principal male deity

Baalism – the worsip of baal was attended by lascivious ceremonies and human sacrifice  (1 ki 14:24 je 19;5 

 

Baal-peor  lord of peor) a deity worshipped by the moabities with impure rites on mount peor. Through the council of balaam, the Israelites were led to worship this god. For this they were punished by a plague (nu 25:1-9) ho 9;10    1 Cor 10:8

Baal-zebub (lord of the fly) the god of ekron 2 ki 1;6, 16)  Beelzebub

Chemosh  the god worshipped by the Moabites human sacrifices were offered. In days of apostasy Solomon built a high place for this god which losiah destroyed

Dagon national god of the philistines. Its head, arm, and body had the appearance of a human form, while the lower portion was like the tail of a fish.

Hermes greek god that corresponded to mercury of the romans

Jupiter  chief god of the romans, corresponding to the Grecian god zeus

Merodach the god, marduk, the patron deity of Babylon also known as bel

 

Halley’s Bible Handbook

Page 595 ... Immorality Venus was the principal Deity of Corinth. Her Te…

Page 595 ... Immorality Venus was the principal Deity of Corinth. Her Te…

 

I Cor 6:9, no way refers to homosexuality. The original Greek word often quoted as sexual immorality, Paul used was "porneia" which means "a harlot for hire". In Corinth in the temples of Venus, the principal deity of Corinth, where Christians went to worship, a thousand public prostitutes were kept at public expense to glorify and act as surrogates for the fertility Gods.

This sex with the pagan Gods is what Paul was talking about - fornication is an admitted mistranslation and has nothing to do with gays or singles sex.

This rendering reflected the bias of the translators rather than an accurate translation of Paul's words to a culture of 2000 years ago worshipping pagan sex gods.

 

 





  
"Fornication" Mistranslation

                 (written by Dave in Phoenix)   Libchrist.com




    Traditional Church teaching falsely misuses the Bible to judge loving, responsible singles' sexuality. True Biblical theology begins not with Church tradition and dogma but with the biblical texts themselves. Biblical theology seeks to understand how the biblical authors expressed themselves in the Greek language of New Testament times (not expanded by later Greek meanings), in terms of their culture. Only with this understanding is it legitimate to define biblical sexual ethics of the NT and find implications for today.

    If you are happier in your beliefs that sex is wrong outside of marriage that may be what is best for you.  But it is not from scripture as you have been taught by the Church.  If you understand Church history and its biased translations you soon realize the lies and deceptions the Church is teaching regarding many sexual issues.

    I Cor 6:9 badly mistranslate "porneia" as fornication. Corinth was a wide-open port city. People there could get sex any way they wanted it. Where our English translations read 'fornication', Paul's original Greek word was 'porneia' which means to sell and refers to slaves bought and sold for cultic prostitution. 

 

What was happening in the Temples of Corinth was farmers were visiting the temple preistesses who represented the furtility Gods. By having sex with these prostitutes they believed their fields would be more furtile.

    In Rome, the Latin prostitutes would hang out in small alley's and behind small L shaped walls. In Latin the shape is called FORNIX, hence the place association with acts of prostitution gave "fornicatio" 

 

Where Paul was condemning sex goddess, cultic, prostitution or trafficking in slaves for that purpose, the Latin fathers substituted 'fornicatio', which led readers to believe that Paul was condemning all forms of premarital sexual intercourse."

   
Some modern English Bible versions translate "porneia" as "sexual immorality", a term which is supposed to clarify the somewhat obscure and dated "fornication", but is really a catch-all term that allows interpreters, both professional and lay, to apply this passage to any sexual behavior at all, far beyond the specific practices to which Paul refers.

    From
"Halley's Bible Handbook" 1 Cor. 6: 9-20; "Venus was the principal Deity of Corinth. Her temple was one of the most magnificent buildings in the city. In it a thousand Priestesses, Public Prostitutes, were kept, at public expense, there always ready for Immoral Indulgence, as worship to their Goddess."  The Christians continued to go to the temple for sexual indulgences with the priestesses of Venus. This was all Paul was talking about and he says nothing about loving sexual pleasure-sharing with non-goddesses'!

    It does violation to the Biblical text to assume I Cor.6:9 includes pre-marital sex, especially since that is not the context of the discussion, either of that chapter or of the surrounding chapters. The context of I Cor.6 is the problems with the Temple of Aphrodite. Sex with those prostitutes was idolatrous. The argument that Paul condemns singles' sex here or anywhere else in scripture is faulty interpretation. Such a position is illogical because your assumptions are based on emotional constructs rather than on history and on hard evidence.

   
Nothing in the NT indicates any prohibition of singles' sexuality. It seems that if we apply Jesus' teaching of love over legalism, responsible Christian sexuality is much more an example of Christ's loving desire for us than the traditional biblical values of many wives, concubines as breeders, and capturing women in battle for soldiers' sexual pleasure!

    A Prodigy poster said: "..I think that David H's post cannot be so easily dismissed.  I am not a theologian-although I did attend a seminary...and I have studied a fair amount of Greek.....While at the seminary, I wrote a paper on the translation of "porneia".  As you must know if you have studied the question, "fornication" is a bald mistranslation of "porneia" (even my very conservative Greek professor conceded this point). If one discounts the N.T. passages containing this mistranslation--including the selection from Thessalonians...there is little remaining support for the position that the Bible condemns premarital sexuality....if one takes an objective view of what the Bible has to say on the subject, sexuality outside of marriage seems to be accepted....I would also acknowledge that most people would be happier...if they would simply accept the church's traditional position...But to condemn all sexuality outside of marriage as sin seems to go well beyond what the Bible teaches--and Paul has a good deal to say about that in Galatians."

    All of us should search our own spirits. God can lead people differently, resulting in reaching different people in sharing Christ's love.  We also must respect others' beliefs but try not to cause another to stumble, since some cannot handle emotionally anything other than the traditional Church


Sent in by Dave in Phoenix

His website is at 
http://www.libchrist.com
His Discussion Board is at 
http://forums.delphiforums.com/libchrust/messages

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Area : Greek Myth & Religion : Gods & Goddesses : Cult of the Gods

I. CULT OF THE TWELVE OLYMPIANS


http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/greek-gods-cult.html


The chief cultic gods of the ancient Greeks were the twelve Olympians who were worshipped throughout the nation. Hestia was sometimes included in the list, although her cult was mostly domestic. The portraits below are all from Greek sculptures of the gods (or Roman copies of Greek originals).


Cult of Aphrodite | Bust of Venus de Milo
APHRODITE
Cult of Apollo | Bust of Apollo Belvedere
APOLLO
Cult of Ares | Bust of Mars
ARES
 
Cult of Artemis | Bust of Diana de Versailles
ARTEMIS
Cult of Athena | Bust of Peaceable Athena
ATHENA
Cult of Demeter | Bust of statue of Demeter restored as Flora Farnese
DEMETER
 
Cult of Dionysus
DIONYSUS
Cult of Hephaestus
HEPHAESTUS
Cult of Hera | Bust of Juno Ludovisi
HERA
 
Cult of Hermes | Bust Praxiteles' Hermes
HERMES
Cult of Poseidon | Bust of Poseidon of Artemisium
POSEIDON
Cult of Zeus | Bust of Jupiter of Sabratha
ZEUS

II. OTHER MAJOR CULT GODS

Of the secondary gods, the most widely worshipped were Persephone (alongside her mother Demeter), Heracles, Hecate, Eileithyia and Asclepius. Most of the other gods possessed only a few small local cults, and were scarcely honoured in the rest of the Greek world. For example the cult of Pan was largely confined to the region of Arcadia, and that of Eros to the small towns of Thespiae and Parion.


Cult of Asclepius
ASCLEPIUS
Cult of the Charites
CHARITES
Cult of the Dioscuri
DIOSCURI
Cult of Eros
EROS
Cult of Hades
HADES
Cult of Hecate
HECATE
Cult of Heracles
HERACLES
Cult of the Muses
MUSES
Cult of Pan
PAN
Cult of Rhea-Cybele
RHEA CYBELE
Cult of Tyche
TYCHE
 

I. CULT OF THE TWELVE OLYMPIAN GODS

APHRODITE The goddess of love, marriage and procreation. She had shrines throughout Greece, the most famous of which were those of Cythera, Corinth and Cyprus.

APOLLO The god of music and prophecy. His chief shrines were the island of Delos and the Oracles of Delphi and Dindyma.

ARES The god of war. Worshipped primarily in times of war, he also reputedly had important cults in Aetolia and Thesprotia in north-western Greece.

ARTEMIS The goddess of the wilds, maidens and childbirth. Her main cult centre was perhaps Calydon in Aetolia, although she was honoured by huntsmen, girls and women throughout Greece. Artemis was also identified with the many-breasted Ephesian goddess of Asia Minor.

ATHENA The goddess of war and the crafts. Most of the ancient acropoli or city-fortresses possessed a shrine dedicated to the goddess as protector of the city. She was also worshipped by craftsmen of all sorts. Her most celebrated cult was at Athens.

DEMETER The goddess of agriculture. She was worshipped in Mysteries throughout the Greek world, the most famous of which were those of Eleusis. Harvest- and fertility-festivals were also celebrated in her honour.

DIONYSUS The god of wine. He had shrines throughout Greece and was celebrated with the grape-harvest and opening of the new wine. His orgiastic Mystery cult was also widely celebrated, and plays were written and performed in his honour. His most famous cult centres were Thebes and neighbouring Mount Cithaeron in Boeotia, and the island of Naxos.

HEPHAESTUS The god of smiths, craftsmen and artisans. He was honoured by craftsmen throughout Greece and had many local festivals, but few large temples or shrines. His most important cult centre was the island of Lemnos, where he was represented as the national god.

HERA The goddess of marriage and queen of the gods. She was the woman's goddess, worshipped throughout Greece. Her main cult centres were those of Argos and the island of Samos. At Olympia she was honoured beside Zeus.

HERMES The god of shepherds, trade and athletics. He was widely worshipped in agora (marketplaces) throughout Greece, and in the Peloponnese by shepherds in the countryside. Fertility statues dedicated to the god called hermae were also erected along the roads. His main cult centre was on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia.

HESTIA The goddess of hearth and home. She was a domestic goddess worshipped at the fireplace. Unlike the other Olympian gods she possessed no great temples, festivals or cult centres, and was rarely representedi n Greek art.

POSEIDON The god of the sea, rivers and horses. His most important cult centre was near Corinth on the Isthmus where the Isthmian games were celebrated in his honour.

ZEUS The king of the gods, and the god of rain, rulership and civilisation in general. He was widely worshipped throughout Greece with numerous hill-top shrines where he was invoked as the rain-god. His main cult centres were Olympia and Nemea where Games were celebrated in his honour, and the Oracle of Dodona in the North.


II. CULTS OF THE MAJOR SECONDARY GODS

ASCLEPIUS The god of medicine and patron of the ancient guild of doctors. His main cult centre was at Epidaurus in the Peloponnese.

CHARITES Goddesses of the graces. Their were widely worshipped in the Boeotian town of Orchomenus and on the island of Cos.

DIOSCURI Twin gods of horsmen, gymnasia and the Games, as well as protectors of sailors. Their cult was centred in the region of Sparta.

EILEITHYIA The goddess of childbirth. She was widely worshipped throughout Greece, with her chief cult centre at Amnisus in Crete.

EROS The god of love. He had dedicated cults in the small towns of Thespiae and Parion on the Hellespont.

HADES The god of the dead. He was usually only honoured at funerals, and indirectly in the Mystery cults. His most important dedicated shrine was the Oracle of the Dead in Thesprotia.

HECATE The goddess of magic and the ghosts of the dead. She was one of the major goddesses of the Eleusinian mysteries, and also possessed small household shrines protecting the entranceways.

HELIUS The god of the sun. His major cult centre was the island of Rhodes, famous for its colossal statue of the god.

HERACLES The great hero of the Greeks. His cult was widespread in ancient Greece, one of the most important of which was the site of his apotheosis on Mount Oeta in northern Greece.

LETO The goddess of motherhood. She was widely worshipped in conjunction with her children Apollo and Artemis.

MUSES The goddesses of music and the arts. Their main cult centres were located on Mount Helicon in Boeotia and Mount Pierus in Macedonia.

PAN The god of shepherds. He possessed numerous shrines in the Arcadian mountains, the most important of which was by Mount Lycaeus.

POTAMI The river-gods. Individual local rivers were worshipped throughout Greece and her colonies.

RHEA CYBELE The mother of the gods. The main culs of the Greek goddess Rhea was near the Cretan town of Gortyn. She was identified with the Phrygian goddess Cybele whose cult was introduced into Greece from the Near East.

TYCHE The goddess of fortune. She was popular goddess in the Greek colonies of Asia Minor where she was worshipped as the patron goddess of a city's good fortune. In art she was often depicted with the accroutements of a city : a turreted crown representing the town walls, a rudder for trade, and a cornucopia for economic prosperity.


III. OTHER GOD AND HERO CULTS

MINOR GODS Many other gods and nymphs also possessed small shrines and minor festivals. However the scarce amount of information available on these is not sufficent to warrrant a dedicated cult page. These include figures such as Aristaeus, Themis, the Cabeiri, the Horae, the Anemi, the Nereids, etc. Even minor gods, which at first glance one might not expect to see in Greek religion, such as Iris the Rainbow, the hundred-handed Hecatoncheires, and the centaur Chiron, possessed small localised cults. Many others were worshipped only in conjunction with major deities, such as Peitho, the attendant of Aphrodite, and the various Eleusinian demi-gods in the retinue of Demeter.

HEROES Many of the heroes of myth also possessed hero-shrines and cult in different parts of Greece.

The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology was created and is edited by Aaron J. Atsma.
Website copyright © 2000–2007 Aaron Atsma, New Zealand.

 

 

GOD

SHRINE *

Aphrodite

Cythera

Apollo

Delphi

Ares

--

Artemis

Calydon

Athena

Athens

Demeter

Eleusis

Dionysus

Thebes

Hephaestus

Lemnos

Hera

Argos

Hermes

Mt Cyllene

Poseidon

Corinth

Zeus

Olympia

* These were arguably their most important shrines in Greece.

GODS & SHRINES II

GREEK

SHRINE *

Asclepius

Epidaurus

Charites

Orchomenus

Dioscuri

Sparta

Eileithyia

Amnisus

Eros

Thespiae

Hades

Thesprotia

Hecate

--

Helius

Rhodes

Heracles

Mt Oeta

Hestia

--

Leto

Delos

Musae

Mt Helicon

Nemesis

Rhamnus

Pan

Mt Lycaeus

Persephone

Eleusis

Tyche

--

* These were arguably their most important shrines in Greece.




GODS & CHIEF SHRINES I

GOD SHRINE *
Aphrodite Cythera
Apollo Delphi
Ares --
Artemis Calydon
Athena Athens
Demeter Eleusis
Dionysus Thebes
Hephaestus Lemnos
Hera Argos
Hermes Mt Cyllene
Poseidon Corinth
Zeus Olympia

* These were arguably their most important shrines in Greece.

GODS & SHRINES II

GREEK SHRINE *
Asclepius Epidaurus
Charites Orchomenus
Dioscuri Sparta
Eileithyia Amnisus
Eros Thespiae
Hades Thesprotia
Hecate --
Helius Rhodes
Heracles Mt Oeta
Hestia --
Leto Delos
Musae Mt Helicon
Nemesis Rhamnus
Pan Mt Lycaeus
Persephone Eleusis
Tyche --

* These were arguably their most important shrines in Greece.


 

The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology was created and is edited by Aaron J. Atsma.
Website copyright © 2000–2007 Aaron Atsma, New Zealand.

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